Climatology of Near-Surface Daily Peak Wind Gusts Across Scandinavia: Observations and Model Simulations Across Scandinavia: Observations and Model Simulations 

2021: L. Minola, C. Azorin-Molina, J. A. Guijarro, G. Zhang, S.-W. Son, D. Chen

Journal of Geophysical Research:Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD033534.


Diverse synoptic weather patterns of the warm-season heavy rainfall events in South Korea

2021: Park, C., S.-W. Son, J. Kim, E.-C. Chang, J.-H. Kim, E. Jo, D.-H. Cha and S.-J. Jeong

Monthly Weather Review, published online.


Development processes of the explosive cyclones over the Northwest Pacific: potential vorticity tendency inversion

2021: Kang, J. M., and S.-W. Son

Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, in press.


Contrasting response of hydrological cycle over land and ocean to a changing CO2 pathway

2021: S-W Yeh, S-Y Song, R. P. Allan, S-I An, J-S Shin

npj Clim Atmos Sci 4, 53.


A flexible data-driven cyclostationary model for the probability density of El Niño– Southern Oscillation

2021: R. Olson, Y. Fan, S-I An, S-K Kim

Chaos, 31, 103126.


Decadal climate variability in the tropical Pacific: Characteristics, causes, predictability, and prospects

2021: S. Power, M. Lengaigne, A. Capotondi, M. Khodri, J. Vialard, B. Jebri, E. Guilyardi, S. McGregor, J.-S. Kug, M. Newman, M. J. McPhaden, G. Meehl, D. Smith, J. Cole, J. E.-Geay, D. Vimont, A. T. Wittenberg, M. Collins, G.-I. Kim, W. Cai, Y. Okumura, C. Chung, K. M. Cobb, F. Delage, Y. Y. Planton, A. Levine, F. Zhu, J. Sprintall, E. D. Lorenzo, X. Zhang, J.-J. Luo, X. Lin, M. Balmaseda, G. Wang, B. J. Henley

Science, Vol 374, Issue 6563. DOI: 10.1126/science.aay9165


Changes in the Characteristics of the North Pacific Jet as a Conduit for US Surface Air Temperature in Boreal Winter across the Late 1990s

2021: S.-Y. Song, S. -W. Yeh and H.-S. Jo

J. Climate, 34, 6841–6853.


Impact of the stratospheric ozone on the Northern Hemisphere surface climate during boreal winter 

2021: Y.-C. Jeong, S.-W. Yeh, S. Lee, R. J. Park, S.-W. Son

J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 126, e2021JD034958.


Changes in extreme ocean wave heights under 1.5°C, 2°C, and 3°C global warming

2021: A. Patra, S.-K. Min, P. Kumar and X. L. Wang

Weather. Clim. Extremes, 33, 100358.


A novel approach for discovering stochastic models behind data: Case of El Nino-Southern Oscillation

2021 : R Olson, S-I An, S-K Kim, and Y Fan

Scientific Reports, 11, 2648.


Feedback processes modulating the sensitivity of Atlantic thermohaline circulation to freshwater forcing timescales

2021 : H-J Kim, S-I An, S-K Kim, and J-H Park

Journal of Climate, 34, 5081-5092,


Decadal phase shift of summertime Arctic dipole pattern and its nonlinear effect on sea ice extent

2021 : E-S Heo, M-K Sung, S-I An, and Y-M Yang

International Journal of Climatology,


Decadal phase shift of summertime Arctic dipole pattern and its nonlinear effect on sea ice extent

2021 : E-S Heo, M-K Sung, S-I An, and Y-M Yang

International Journal of Climatology,


Seasonal gap theory for ENSO phase locking

2021 : S-K Kim, and S-I An

Journal of Climate, 34, 5621-5634.


Role of the climatological intertropical convergence zone in the seasonal footprinting mechanism of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation

2021 : J-H Park, M-K Sung, Y-M Yang, J Zhao, S-I An, and J-S Kug

Journal of Climate, 34, 5243-5256.


Partitioning of net CO2 exchanges at the city-atmosphere interface into biotic and abiotic components

2021: K.-M. Lee, J.-W. Hong, J.-W. Kim, J.-K. Hong

MethodsX, 8, 101231.


동아시아 대도시에 영향을 미치는 온대저기압의 특성 및 강수 영향 비교: 서울, 베이징, 도쿄

2021: 김동현, 이재연, 강준석, 손석우

Atmosphere. Korean Meteorological Society, 31(1), 45-60.


A decline of observed daily peak wind gusts with distinct seasonality in Australia, 1941-2016

2021: Azorin-Molina, C., T. R. McVicar, J. A. Guijarro, B. Trewin, A. J. Frost, G. Zhang, L. Minola, S.-W. Son, K. Deng, and D. Chen

Journal of Climate, 34, 3103-3127.


Statistical predictability of wintertime PM2.5 concentrations over East Asia using simple linear regression

2021:Jeong, J.I., Park, R.J., Yeh, S.-W., and Roh, J.-W.

Science of the Total Environment, 776, 146059.


Has Global Warming Contributed to the Largest Number of Typhoons Affecting South Korea in September 2019?

2021: S.-K. Min, M.-G. Seong, D.-H. Cha, M. Lee, F. C. Lott, A. Ciavarella, P. A. Stott, M.-K. Kim, K.-O. Boo, and Y.-H. Byun, Bull. Amer.

Meteor. Soc., 102(1), S51-S57. DOI:10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0156.1  


Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas and Aerosol Contributions to Extreme Temperature Changes during 1951–2015

2021: M.-G. Seong, S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, X. Zhang, and Y. Sun

Journal of Climate, 34, 857-870. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-1023.1 


Delayed impact of Indian Ocean warming on East Asian climate in boreal summer

2021 : Kim, S.-Y. and J.-S. Kug

Journal of Climate, 34, 3255-3270. DOI: 


Classification of wintertime atmospheric teleconnection patterns in the Northern Hemisphere

2021 : Kim, M., C. Yoo, M.-K. Sung, and S. Lee.

Journal of Climate, 34(5), 1847-1861.


A distinct sub-seasonal modulation in the Atlantic-originated atmospheric teleconnection influence on East Asian monthly climates

2021 : Ham, Y. G., Lee, S. G., and Sung, M. K.

Environmental Research Letters, 16(1), 014033.


Rate-dependent hysteresis of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation system and its asymmetric loop

2021 : S-I An, H-J Kim, and S-K Kim

Geophysical Research Letters, 48(1), e2020GL090132.


Timescale-dependent AMOC-AMO relationship in an earth system model of intermediate complexity

2021 : H-J Kim, S-I An, and D Kim

International Journal of Climatology, 41, 3298-3306.


A low order dynamical model for runoff predictability

2021 : R Olson, A Timmermann, J-Y Lee, and S-I An

Climate Dynamics, 56, 399–422.


Mid‐latitude leading double‐dip La Niña

2021: Park, J‐H, An, S‐I, Kug, J‐S, Yang, Y‐M, Li, T, Jo, H‐S

International Journal of Climatology,41, 1353-1370.


Mean sea surface temperature changes influence ENSO-related precipitation changes in the mid-latitudes

2021 : Y-M Yang, J-H Park, S-I An. et al.,

Nature Communications, 12, 1495.


Seesawing of winter extremes between East Asia and North America

2021 : Sung, M.-K., S.-W. Son, C. Yoo, J. Hwang, and S.-I. An,

Journal of Climate, ,1-42.




The Lagged Effect of Anthropogenic Aerosol on East Asian Precipitation during the Summer Monsoon Season

2020: Lee S-J, Jeong Y-C, Yeh S-W

Atmosphere, 11(12):1356.  


Impacts of MJO on the intraseasonal temperature variation in East Asia

2020: Kim, S., J.-S. Kug, K.-H. Seo

Journal of Climate, 33, 8903-8916.


Seasonal variations in the surface energy and CO2 flux over a high-rise, high-population, residential urban area in the East Asian monsoon region

2020: JW Hong;SD Lee;K Lee;J Hong

International Journal of Climatology,40(10), 4384-4407.


Understanding Intermodel Diversity When Simulating the Time of Emergence in CMIP5 Climate Models

2020: Hyun, Seung-Hwon; Yeh, Sang-Wook; Song, Se-Yong; Park, Hyo-Seok; Kirtman, Ben P.

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087923.


The Impact of the 20-50-Day Atmospheric Intraseasonal Oscillation on the Gross Primary Productivity between the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers

2020: Li, Jianying; Kim, Jin-Soo; Kug, Jong-Seong

Journal of Climate, 33(8), 2967–2984.


Two Aspects of Decadal ENSO Variability Modulating the Long-Term Global Carbon Cycle

2020: Park, So-Won; Kim, Jin-Soo; Kug, Jong-Seong; Stuecker, Malte F.; Kim, In-Won; Williams, Mathew

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL086390.


Implementation of a roughness sublayer parameterization in theWeather Research and Forecasting model (WRF version 3.7.1) and its evaluation for regional climate simulations

2020: Lee, Junhong; Hong, Jinkyu; Noh, Yign; Jimenez, Pedro A.

Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 521–536.


Extensive fires in southeastern Siberian permafrost linked to preceding Arctic Oscillation

2020: Kim, Jin-Soo; Kug, Jong-Seong; Jeong, Su-Jong; Park, Hotaek; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela

Science Advances, 6(2), EAAX3308. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax3308


Change in strong Eastern Pacific El Niño events dynamics in the warming climate

2020: A Carreric;D Boris; C Wenju; A Capotondi; K Takahashi;SW Yeh; G Wang; V Guemas

Climate Dynamics, 54, 901–918.


Characteristics of internal variability on summer rainfall in Northeast Asia in a changing climate

2020: SH Hyun, SW Yeh

Climate Dynamics, 54, 1179–1195.


Changes in the role of Pacific Decadal Oscillation on sea ice extent variability across the mid-1990s

2020 : H Kim, S-W Yeh, S-I An, and S-Y Song

Scientific Reports, 10, 17564.


Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models

2020 : JR Brown, CM Brierley, S-I An

Climate of the Past, 16, 1777-1805,


The internal origin of the west-east asymmetry of Antarctic climate change

2020 : S-Y Jun, J-H Kim, J Choi, S-J Kim, B-M Kim, and S-I An

Science Advances, 6(24), eaaz1490. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz1490


The Role of Transient Eddies in North Pacific Blocking Formation

2020: J Whang; P Martineau; SW Son; T Miyasaka; H Nakamura

Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77(7), 2453-2470.


Breakdown of the Linear Relationship between the Southern Hemisphere Hadley Cell Edge and Jet Latitude Changes in the Last Glacial Maximum

2020: Kim, S., and S.-W. son

Journal of Climate, 33(13), 5713-5725.


The rapid intensification of East Asian cyclones around the Korean Peninsula and their surface impacts

2020: Kang, J. M., J. Lee, S.-W. Son, J. Kim, and D. Chen

Geophysical Research Letters, 125, e2019JD031632.


Extratropical cyclones over East Asia: Climatology, seasonal cycle and long-term trend

2020: Lee, J., S.-W. Son, H.-O. Cho, J. Kim, D.-H. Cha, J. Gyakum, and D. Chen

Climate Dynamics, 54, 1131-11144.


Classification of Localized Heavy Rainfall Events in South Korea

2020: Jo. E., C. Park, S.-W. Son, J.-W. Roh, G. Lee and Y. H. Lee

Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 56(1), 77-88.


Fokker–Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation

2020: Soon-Il An, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann

Scientific Reports, 10, 16282,


Quantifying the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed spring snow-cover decline using the CMIP6 multimodel ensemble

2020: S. Paik and S.-K. Min

Journal of Climate, 33, 9261-9269.


Evaluation of the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble for climate extreme indices

2020: Y.-H. Kim, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, J. Sillmann, and M. Sandstad

Weather and Climate Extremes, 29, 100269,


Determining the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed intensification of extreme precipitation

2020: S. Paik, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, M. G. Donat, A. D. King, and Q. Sun

Geophysical Research Letters, 46, e2019GL086875. DOI: 10.1029/2019GL086875


Quantifying human impact on the 2018 summer longest heat wave in South Korea

2020: S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, S.-M. Lee, S. Sparrow, S. Li, F. C. Lott, and P. A. Stott

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101, S103-S108. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0151.1. 


A global-scale multidecadal variability driven by Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

2020: Young-Min Yang, Soon-Il An, Bin Wang, Jae Heung Park

National Science Review, 7(7),1190–1197,


Diversity of North Pacific Meridional Mode and its distinct impacts on El Niño‐Southern Oscillation

2020: J Zhao, J-S Kug, J-H Park, and S-I An

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088993. 


Arctic Sea Ice Loss as a Potential Trigger for Central Pacific El Niño Events

2020: Kim, Hyerim; Yeh, Sang-Wook; An, Soon-Il; Park, Jae-Heung; Kim, Baek-Min; Baek, Eun-Hyuk

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087028.


Brief Communication: The reliability of gas extraction techniques for analysing CH4 and N2O compositions in gas trapped in permafrost ice wedges

2020: Ji-Woong Yang, Jinho Ahn, Go Iwahana, Sangyoung Han, Kyungmin Kim, and Alexander Fedorov

The Cryosphere, 14(4), 1311–1324. 


Evaluation of land-atmosphere processes of the Polar WRF in the summertime Arctic tundra

2020: Kim, J., Lee, J., Hong, J. W., Hong, J., Koo, J. H., Kim, J. H., ... & Lee, B. Y.

Atmospheric Research, 240, 104946,


Characteristics of the North Pacific Oscillation in CMIP5 Models in Relation to Atmospheric Mean States

2020:  M-K Sung, C Yoo, S-W Yeh, Y Kosaka, and S-I An

Journal of Climate, 33, 3809-3825.


Untangling El Niño‐La Niña Asymmetries Using a Nonlinear Coupled Dynamic Index

2020: Soong-Ki Kim, Soon-Il An

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL085881.




Role of local air‐sea interaction in fire activity over Equatorial Asia

2019: Kim, J.‐S., Jeong, S.‐J., Kug, J.‐S., & Williams, M.

Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 14,789–14,797.


The Response of Hadley Cell and Jet Stream to Earth's Rotation Rate

2019: Choi, C., S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Son

Journal of the Korean earth science society, 40(3), 203-211. DOI:


Mid-Holocene Northern Hemisphere warming driven by Arctic amplification

2019: Park, H., S.-J. Kim, A. L. Stewart, S.-W. Son, and K.-H. Seo, 

Science Advances, 5(12). eaax8203. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax8203


Tropical influence on the North Pacific Oscillation drives winter extremes in North America

2019: Sung M.-K., H. Jang, B.-M. Kim S.-W. Yeh, Y.-S. Choi and C. Yoo

Nature Climate Change 9(5) 413


Regulation of atmospheric circulation controlling the tropical Pacific precipitation change in response to CO2 increases

2019: Son B.-J., Sang-Wook Yeh, A. Kim, and K. M. Lau

Nature Communication, 10(1), 1108


Understanding the inter-model diversity of East Asian Marginal SST in near future in CMIP5 climate model simulation (2020-2049)

2019: D. Yi and Sang-Wook Yeh

JGR-ocean (Accepted)


Arctic amplification accelerated by anthropogenic sulphate aerosol forcing in East Asia

2019: M.-J. Kim, Sang-Wook Yeh, R. Park and co-author

J. Climate (Accepted)


Change in Relationship between the East Asian Winter Monsoon and the East Asian Jet Stream during the 1998-99 Regime Shift

2019: Song S.-Y, Sang-Wook Yeh, J.-H. Park

J. Climate, 32, 6163-6175.


Biogeophysical feedback of phytoplankton on Arctic climate: Part II Arctic warming amplified by interactive chlorophyll under greenhouse warming

2019: Lim, H.-G., Kug, J.-S.

Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-019-04693-5


Role of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool in climate variability over the western North Pacific

2019: Park, J.-H., Kug, J.-S., and T. Li

Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-019-04652-0.


Pantropical climate interactions

2019: Cai, W.-J., Wu, L. Lengaigne, M, Li, T., McGregor, S., Kug, J.-S. et al.

Science, 363, DOI: 10.1126/science.aav4236


Regional Arctic amplification accelerated by anthropogenic sulphate aerosol forcing in China

2019: Minjoong J. Kim, Sang-Wook Yeh, Rokjin J. Park, Seok-Woo Son, Byung-Kwon Moon, Byung-Gon Kim, Jae-Jin Kim, Sang-Woo Kim, and Tim Garrett

J. of Climate, in press.


A missing component of Arctic amplification: Black carbon from gas flaring

2019: Mee-Hyun Cho, Rokjin J. Park, Jinho Yoon, Yonghan Choi, Jaein I. Jeong, Lev Labzovskii, Joshua S. Fu, Kan Huang, Su-Jong Jeong, and Baek-Min Kim

Environmental Research Letters, in press


Anthropogenic contribution to the 2017 earliest summer onset in South Korea

2019: S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, I.-H. Park, D. Lee, S. Sparrow, D. Wallom, and D. Stone

Bull.  Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, S73-S77, DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0096.1


A novel method to test non-exclusive hypotheses applied to Arctic ice projections from dependent models

2019: R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, W. Chang, J. P. Evans, and J.-Y. Lee 

Nature Communications. 10(1), 3016. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10561-x


Western North Pacific anticyclone change associated with the El Niño‒Indian Ocean Dipole coupling, I

2019: J.-W. Kim and S.-I. An

J of climatology, 39: 2505-2521. DOI: 10.1002/joc.5967


Accounting for skill in trend, variability, and autocorrelation facilitates better multi-model projections: Application to the AMOC and temperature time series

2019: R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, and J. P. Evans

PLoS ONE 14(4): e0214535.


Impact of North Atlantic Freshwater Forcing on Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulation under Glacial and Interglacial Conditions

2019: H.-J. Kim and S.-I. An

J. Climate, 32, 4641-4659. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0065.1


Surface meteorological conditions and boundary-layer height variations during an air pollution episode in Nanjing, China

2019: Yin, J., C. Y. Gao, J. Hong, Z. Gao, Y. Li, X. Li, S. Fan, and B. Zhu

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 124, 3350-3364, doi:


Ceilometer monitoring of boundary layer height in Seoul and its application to evaluate the dilution effect on air pollution, Boundary-Layer Meteorology

2019: J. H. Lee, J.-W. Hong, K. M. Lee, J. Hong, E. Velasco, Y. Lim, J. Lee. K. Nam, and J. Park

Boundary-Layer Meteorology. doi:10.1007/s10546-019-00452-5


Temporal dynamics of urban heat island correlated with the socio-economic development over the past half-century in Seoul, Korea

2019: J.-W. Hong, J. Hong, E. Kwon, and D. Yoon

Environmental Pollution, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.102


Greenhouse gas formation in ice wedges at Cyuie, central Yakutia

2019: Kyungmin Kim, Ji-Woong Yang, Hyunsuk Yoon, Eunji Byun, Alexander Fedorov, Youngjun Ryu, and Jinho Ahn

Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 30:48-57. doi:10.1002/ppp.1994




Stilt: Easy emulation of time series AR(1) computer model output in multidimensional parameter space

2018: R. Olson, K. L. Ruckert, W. Chang, K. Keller, M. Haran, and S.-I. An

The R Journal, 10/2, 209-225


Surface temperature in twentieth century at the Styx Glacier, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, from borehole thermometry

2018: Ji-Woong Yang, Yeongcheol Han, Anais Orsi, and Jinho Ahn

Geophysical Research Letters. 45, 18. doi:10.1029/2018GL078770


What Controls ENSO Teleconnection to East Asia? Role of Western North Pacific Precipitation in ENSO Teleconnection to East Asia

2018: Kim, S.-Y., J.-S. Kug

Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 123,18, doi: 10.1029/2018jd028935. 


Future Changes in Extreme El Nino Events Modulated by North Tropical Atlantic Variability,

2018: Ham, Y.-G., J.-S. Kug , Yang, W.-H., Cai, W.-J.Scientific Reports, 8,14957, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33191-7

Geophysical Research Letters, 45,13, DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078085.


Predicting El Nino Beyond 1-year Lead: Effect of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool

2018: Park, J.-H., J.-S. Kug, Tim-L., Behera, S.- K.

Scientific Reports, 8,14957, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33191-7


Anthropogenic contribution to 2017 earliest summer onset in Korea

2018: Min, S.-K., Y.-H. Kim, I.-H. Park, D. Lee, S. Sparrow, D. Wallom, and D. Stone

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0096.1


Classification of heat wave events in Seoul using self-organizing map

2018: Back, S.-Y., S.-W. Kim, M.-I. Jung, J.-W. Roh, and S.-W. Son

Journal of Climate Change Research, 9, 209-221. (in Korean)


The impact of Arctic sea ice loss on mid-Holocene climate

2018: Park, H.-S., S.-J. Kim, K.-H. Seo, A. L. Stewart, S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Son

Nature Communications, 9:4571, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07068-2