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Part II model support on a new mechanism for North Pacific Oscillation influence on ENSO,

2023: Zhao J., Sung MK., Park JH., Luo JJ., Kug JS.,

npj Clim Atmos Sci, 6 (16),


Part I observational study on a new mechanism for North Pacific Oscillation influencing the tropics,

2023: Zhao J., Sung MK., Park JH., Luo JJ., Kug JS.,

npj Clim Atmos Sci, 6 (15),


North Atlantic Oscillation impact on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation shaped by the mean state,

2023: Kim, HJ., An, SI., Park, JH., Sung, MK.,Kim DH., Choi Y.,Kim. JS.,​

npj Clim Atmos Sci, 6 (25),


Two regimes of inter-basin interactions between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans on interannual timescales,

2023: Park, JH., Yeh, SW., Kug, JS, Yang,YM., Jo, HS., Kim, HJ.,An SI.,

npj Clim Atmos Sci, 6 (13),


Impact of volcanic eruptions on extratropical atmospheric circulations: review, revisit and future directions,

2023: S. Paik, S.-K. Min, S.-W. Son, E.-P. Lim, S. McGregor, S.-I. An, J.-S. Kug, and S.-W. Yeh,

Environmental Research Letters, 18(6), 063003,


Hysteresis and irreversibility of global extreme precipitation to anthropogenic CO2 emission,

2023: Sanjit Kumar Mondal, Soon-Il An, Seung-Ki Min, Soong-Ki Kim, Jongsoo Shin, Seungmok Paik, Nari Im, Chao Liu,

Weather and Climate Extremes,40, 100561,


Regime shift increase in East Asia's summer extreme hot day frequency across the late‐1990s,

2023: Y.-H Lee, S.-W. Yeh, J.-S Hong, J.-S. Shin and S.-I. An

International Journal of Climatology,


Opposing shifts of the Hadley Cell and Eddy-driven jet Latitude in the Last Glacial Maximum: a parameter sweep study using a dynamical core GCM,

2023: S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Son

J. Climate, 36(3), 885-898.



Tropical origins of the record-breaking 2020 summer rainfall extremes in East Asia,

2022 ; S, Kim ; J.-H. Park ; J.-S. Kug

 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1), DOI : 10.1038/s41598-022-09297-4


Hysteresis of the intertropical convergence zone to CO2 forcing,

2022 ; J.-S. Kug ; J.-H. Oh ; S.-I. An ; S.-W. Yeh ; S.-K. Min ; S.-W. Son ; J. Kam ; Y.-G. Ham ; S. Shin

 Nature Climate Change, 12(1), 47-+, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-021-01211-6


Compromised Improvement of Poor Visibility Due to PM Chemical Composition Changes in South Korea,

2022: J. I. Jeong, J. Seo, and R. J. Park

Remote Sensing, 14, 5310. 


Changes in surface ozone in South Korea on diurnal to decadal time scale for the period of 2001–2021,

2022: Kim, S.-W., Kim, K.-M., Jeong, Y., Seo, S., Park, Y., and Kim, J

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. [preprint],


Southern Ocean control of 2° C global warming in climate models,

2022: Shin, S. J., Yeh, S. W., An, S. I., Keenlyside, N., Xie, S. P., & Park, J. H. 

Earth's Future,


Harmonized gap-filled datasets from 20 urban flux tower sites,

2022: M. Lipson, S. Grimmond, M. Best, W. T. L. Chow, A. Christen, N. Chrysoulakis, A. Coutts, B. Crawford, S. Earl, J. Evans, K. Fortuniak, B. G. Heusinkveld, J.-W. Hong, J. Hong, L. Järvi, S. Jo, Y.-H. Kim, S. Kotthaus, K. Lee, V. Masso, J. P. McFadden, O. Michels, W. Pawlak, M. Roth, H. Sugawara, N. Tapper, E. Velasco, and H. C. Ward

Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 5157–5178,


Origin of CO2, CH4, and N2O trapped in ice wedges in central Yakutia and their relationship

2022: J.-W. Yang, J. Ahn, G. Iwahana, N. Ko, J.-H. Kim, K. Kim, A. Fedorov, S. Han

Permafrost and Periglacial Process,


Role of the Tibetan plateau glaciers in the Asian summer monsoon

2022: BB Goswami, S-I An, and R Murtugudde

Climatic Change, 173, 29, 10.1007/s10584-022-03426-8.


Centennial memory of the Arctic ocean for future arctic climate recovery in response to a carbon dioxide removal,

2022: J-H Oh, S-I An, J Shin, and J-S Kug

Earth’s Future, 10(8), e2022EF002804.. 10.1029/2022EF002804.


How explosive volcanic eruptions reshape daily precipitation distributions,

2022: S Paik, S-K Min, and S-I An

Weather and Climate Extremes,  37, 100489., 10.1016/j.wace.2022.100489.


A low-order dynamical model for fire-vegetation-climate interactions,

2022: S-K Kim, A Timmermann, J-S Kim, R Olson, S-I An

Environmental Research Letters, 17(9), 094004. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac8696.


Widespread irreversible changes in surface temperature and precipitation in response to CO2 forcing,

2022: S-K Kim, J Shin, S-I An, H-J Kim, N Im, S-P Xie, J-S Kug and S-W Yeh

Nature Climate Change, 12, 834-840. 


Increased Indian Ocean-North Atlantic Ocean warming chain under greenhouse warming,

2022: Y-M Yang, J-H Park, S-I An, S-W Yeh, Z Zhu, F Liu, J Li, J-Y Lee and B Wang

Nature Communications. 13, 3978.


Contrasting hysteresis behaviors of Northern Hemisphere land monsoon precipitation to CO2 pathways,

2022: H Oh, S-I An, J Shin, S-W Yeh, S-K Min, S-W Son and J-S Kug

Earth’s Future,10(6), e2021EF002623., 10.1029/2022EF002804


Dynamics of two distinct subseasonal growth mechanisms of the North Pacific Oscillation

2022: M-K Sung, S-W Son, C Yoo, J Hwang, and S-I An

Journal of Climate, 35, 3141-3156.


Internal Climate Variability in the Present Climate and the Change in ENSO Amplitude in Future Climate Simulations,

2022: S-H Hyun, S-W Yeh, BP Kirtman and S-I An

Front. Clim. 4:932978. doi: 10.3389/fclim.2022.932978


General circulation and global heat transport in a quadrupling CO2 pulse experiment,

2022: S-I An, S-E Park, J Shin, Y-M Yang, S-W Yeh, S-W Son and J-S Kug

Scientific Reports, 12, 11569,


Role of tropical lower stratosphere winds in quasi-biennial oscillation disruption,

2022: M-J Kang, H-Y Chun, S-W Son, R R Garcia, S-I An, and S-H Park

Science Advances, 8 (27), eabm7229, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abm7229.


Atmosphere-driven cold SST biases over the western North Pacific in the GloSea5 seasonal forecast system,

2022: A Cho, H Song, Y-J Tak, S-W Yeh, S-I An, S-M Lee, H-S Ji and Y-K Hyun

Climate Dynamics, 1-14.


Influence of retreating Barents-Kara Sea Ice on the periodicity of El Nino-Southern Oscillation,

2022: E-S Heo, S-I An, IM Ringgaard, S Yang, JH Christensen, and M-K Sung

International Journal of Climatology, 42, 4881-4892.


Factors determining the seasonal variation of ozone air quality in South Korea: Regional background versus domestic emission contributions,

2022: H.-M. Lee and R. J. Park

Environ. Pollut., 308, 119645. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119645


Evaluation of Secondary Organic Aerosol (SOA) Simulations for Seoul, Korea,

2022: Y. J. Oak, R. J. Park, D. S. Jo, A. Hodzic, J. L. Jimenez, P. Campuzano-Jost, B. A. Nault, H. Kim, H. Kim, E. S. Ha, C.-K. Song, S.-M. Yi, G. S. Diskin, A. J. Weinheimer, D. R. Blake, A. Wisthaler, M. Shim, and Y. Shin

J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 14, e2021MS002760. DOI: 10.1029/2021MS002760 


Hysteresis Behaviors in East Asian Extreme Precipitation Frequency to CO2 Pathway,

2022: Jo, S.-Y., M.-G. Seong, S.-K. Min, J.-S. Kug, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, S.-W. Son, and J. Shin

Geophys. Res. Lett., e2022GL099814.


Attribution of the unprecedented 2021 October heat wave in South Korea,

2022:  Kim, Y.-H., S.-K. Min, D.-H. Cha, Y.-H. Byun, F. C. Fraser, and P. A. Stott

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 103, E2923–E2929,


Urban Water Storage Capacity Inferred From Observed Evapotranspiration Recession,

2022:  H. J. JongenG. J. SteeneveldJ. BeringerA. ChristenN. ChrysoulakisK. FortuniakJ. HongJ. W. HongC. M. J. JacobsL. JärviF. MeierW. PawlakM. RothN. E. TheeuwesE. VelascoR. VogtA. J. Teuling

Geophysical Research Letters,


Intensity changes of Indian Ocean Dipole Mode in a Carbon Dioxide Removal Scenario,

2022:  S.-I An, H. Park, S.-K. Kim, J. Shin, S.-W. Yeh, J.-S. Jug

npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 5, 20,


Slow and soft passage through tipping point of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a changing climate,

2022:  S.-K. Kim, H.-J. Kim, H. A. Dijkstra, S.-I. An

npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 5, 13,



Understanding the paths of surface ozone abatement in the Los Angeles Basin,

2022:  S.-W. Kim, B. McDonald, S.-H. Seo, K.-M. Kim, and M. Trainer

Journal of Geophysical Research, 127(4),



Role of upwind precipitation in transboundary pollution and secondary aerosol formation: A case study during the KORUS-AQ field campaign

2022: Ryu, Y.-H., S.-K. Min, and C. Knote

J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. 61, 159-174.


Human contribution to the 2020 summer successive hot-wet extremes in South Korea

2022: Min, S.-K., S.-Y. Jo, M.-G. Seong, Y.-H. Kim, S.-W. Son, Y.-H. Byun, F. C. Lott, and P. A. Stott

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 103, S90-97,


Lengthening of summer season over the Northern Hemisphere under 1.5°C and 2.0°C global warming

2022: Park, B.-J., S.-K. Min, and E. Weller

Environ. Res. Lett. ,17, 014012.


Effect of nitrogen limitation and soil biophysics on Holocene greening of the Sahara

2022 : Lee, J., Claussen, M., Kim, J., Hong, J. W., Song, I. S., and Hong, J.

Climate of the Past, 18(2), 313-326. DOI : 10.5194/cp-18-313-2022



Asymmetrical response of summer rainfall in East Asia to CO2 forcing

2022: S-Y Song, S-W Yeh, S-I An, J.-S. Kug, S.-K. Min, S.-W. Son and J-S Shin

Sci. Bull., 67(2), 213-222. DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2021.08.013


Modelling and reconstructing tree ring growth index with climate variables through artificial intelligence and statistical methods

2022: N.Salehnia and J. Ahn

Ecological Indicators, 134, 108496, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2021.108496



A Markov chain method for weighting climate model ensembles

2021: M. Kulinich, Y. Fan, S. Penev, J. P. Evans, R. Olson

Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 3539–3551.


Reductions in NO2 concentrations in Seoul, South Korea detected from space and ground-based monitors prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic

2021: S.-H. Seo, S.-W. Kim, K.-M. Kim, L. N. Lamsal, H. Jin 

Environ. Res. Commun. 3 051005.


Modeling Asian Dust Storms Using WRF-Chem During the DRAGON-Asia Field Campaign in April 2012

2021: Kim, K.-M., Kim, S.-W., Choi, M., Kim, M., Kim, J., Shin, I., et al. 

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2021JD034793.


Role of the Bay of Bengal warming in the Indian summer monsoon rainfall trend

2021: Goswami, B.B., Murtugudde, R. & An, SI.

Clim Dyn.


Impacts of ENSO on the seasonal transition from summer to winter in East Asia

2021: Kim, S., Kug, JS.

Clim Dyn.


Zonally asymmetric phytoplankton response to the Southern annular mode in the marginal sea of the Southern ocean

2021: Noh, K.M., Lim, HG., Kug, JS.

Sci Rep 11, 10266 (2021).


Importance of Human-Induced Nitrogen Flux Increases for Simulated Arctic Warming

2021: Lim, H., Park, J., Dunne, J. P., Stock, C. A., Kang, S., & Kug, J.

Journal of Climate, 34(10), 3799-3819.


Delayed Impact of Indian Ocean Warming on the East Asian Surface Temperature Variation in Boreal Summer

2021: Kim, S., Kug, J.

Journal of Climate, 34(8), 3255-3270.


Changing El Niño–Southern Oscillation in a warming climate

2021: Cai, W., Santoso, A., Collins, M., Dewitte B., Karamperidou C.Kug J.-S. et al.

Nat Rev Earth Environ 2, 628–644.


Hemispheric asymmetry in future wave power changes: Seasonality and physical mechanisms

2021: Patra, A., S.-K. Min, S.-W. Son, and S.-W. Yeh

J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 126, e2021JC017687.


Transient and quasi-equilibrium climate states at 1.5°C and 2°C global warming

2021: King, A. D., Borowiak, A. R., Brown, J. R., Frame, D. J., Harrington, L. J., Min, S.-K., Pendergrass, A.Rugenstein, M., Sniderman, J. M. K., Stone, D. A.

Earth's Future, 9, e2021EF002274.


Katabatic Flow Structures Indicative of the Flux Dissimilarity for Stable Stratification

2021: Guo, X., Yang, W., Gao, Z., Wang L., Hong J.-K., Ding B., Zhao L., Zhou D., Yang K.

Boundary-Layer Meteorol


An inverse dielectric mixing model at 50 MHz that considers soil organic soils

2021: Park, C., A. Berg, M. Cosh, A. Collianer, A. Behrendt, H. Manns, J. Hong, J. Lee, and V. Wulfmeyer

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. Sci., 25, 6407–6420.


Possible impact of urbanization on extreme precipitation–temperature relationship in East Asian megacities

2021: S.-G. Oh, S.-W. Son, S.-K. Min

Weather and Climate Extremes, Volume 34, 100401, ISSN 2212-0947.


Antarctic surface temperature and elevation during the Last Glacial Maximum

2021: Buizert C, Fudge TJ, Roberts WHG, Steig EJ, Sherriff-Tadano S, Ritz C, Lefebvre E, Edwards J, Kawamura K, Oyabu I, Motoyama H, Kahle EC, Jones TR, Abe-Ouchi A, Obase T, Martin C, Corr H, Severinghaus JP, Beaudette R, Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Martin K, Chappellaz J, Aoki S, Nakazawa T, Sowers TA, Alley RB, Ahn J, Sigl M, Severi M, Dunbar NW, Svensson A, Fegyveresi JM, He C, Liu Z, Zhu J, Otto-Bliesner BL, Lipenkov VY, Kageyama M, Schwander J

Science, 372(6546):1097-1101. doi: 10.1126/science.abd2897


Climatology of Near-Surface Daily Peak Wind Gusts Across Scandinavia: Observations and Model Simulations Across Scandinavia: Observations and Model Simulations 

2021: L. Minola, C. Azorin-Molina, J. A. Guijarro, G. Zhang, S.-W. Son, D. Chen

Journal of Geophysical Research:Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD033534.


Diverse synoptic weather patterns of the warm-season heavy rainfall events in South Korea

2021: Park, C., S.-W. Son, J. Kim, E.-C. Chang, J.-H. Kim, E. Jo, D.-H. Cha and S.-J. Jeong

Monthly Weather Review, published online.


Development processes of the explosive cyclones over the Northwest Pacific: potential vorticity tendency inversion

2021: Kang, J. M., and S.-W. Son

Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, in press.


Contrasting response of hydrological cycle over land and ocean to a changing CO2 pathway

2021: S-W Yeh, S-Y Song, R. P. Allan, S-I An, J-S Shin

npj Clim Atmos Sci 4, 53.


A flexible data-driven cyclostationary model for the probability density of El Niño– Southern Oscillation

2021: R. Olson, Y. Fan, S-I An, S-K Kim

Chaos, 31, 103126.


Decadal climate variability in the tropical Pacific: Characteristics, causes, predictability, and prospects

2021: S. Power, M. Lengaigne, A. Capotondi, M. Khodri, J. Vialard, B. Jebri, E. Guilyardi, S. McGregor, J.-S. Kug, M. Newman, M. J. McPhaden, G. Meehl, D. Smith, J. Cole, J. E.-Geay, D. Vimont, A. T. Wittenberg, M. Collins, G.-I. Kim, W. Cai, Y. Okumura, C. Chung, K. M. Cobb, F. Delage, Y. Y. Planton, A. Levine, F. Zhu, J. Sprintall, E. D. Lorenzo, X. Zhang, J.-J. Luo, X. Lin, M. Balmaseda, G. Wang, B. J. Henley

Science, Vol 374, Issue 6563. DOI: 10.1126/science.aay9165


Changes in the Characteristics of the North Pacific Jet as a Conduit for US Surface Air Temperature in Boreal Winter across the Late 1990s

2021: S.-Y. Song, S. -W. Yeh and H.-S. Jo

J. Climate, 34, 6841–6853.


Impact of the stratospheric ozone on the Northern Hemisphere surface climate during boreal winter 

2021: Y.-C. Jeong, S.-W. Yeh, S. Lee, R. J. Park, S.-W. Son

J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 126, e2021JD034958.


Changes in extreme ocean wave heights under 1.5°C, 2°C, and 3°C global warming

2021: A. Patra, S.-K. Min, P. Kumar and X. L. Wang

Weather. Clim. Extremes, 33, 100358.


A novel approach for discovering stochastic models behind data: Case of El Nino-Southern Oscillation

2021 : R Olson, S-I An, S-K Kim, and Y Fan

Scientific Reports, 11, 2648.


Feedback processes modulating the sensitivity of Atlantic thermohaline circulation to freshwater forcing timescales

2021 : H-J Kim, S-I An, S-K Kim, and J-H Park

Journal of Climate, 34, 5081-5092,


Decadal phase shift of summertime Arctic dipole pattern and its nonlinear effect on sea ice extent

2021 : E-S Heo, M-K Sung, S-I An, and Y-M Yang

International Journal of Climatology,


Decadal phase shift of summertime Arctic dipole pattern and its nonlinear effect on sea ice extent

2021 : E-S Heo, M-K Sung, S-I An, and Y-M Yang

International Journal of Climatology,


Seasonal gap theory for ENSO phase locking

2021 : S-K Kim, and S-I An

Journal of Climate, 34, 5621-5634.


Role of the climatological intertropical convergence zone in the seasonal footprinting mechanism of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation

2021 : J-H Park, M-K Sung, Y-M Yang, J Zhao, S-I An, and J-S Kug

Journal of Climate, 34, 5243-5256.


Partitioning of net CO2 exchanges at the city-atmosphere interface into biotic and abiotic components

2021: K.-M. Lee, J.-W. Hong, J.-W. Kim, J.-K. Hong

MethodsX, 8, 101231.


동아시아 대도시에 영향을 미치는 온대저기압의 특성 및 강수 영향 비교: 서울, 베이징, 도쿄

2021: 김동현, 이재연, 강준석, 손석우

Atmosphere. Korean Meteorological Society, 31(1), 45-60.


A decline of observed daily peak wind gusts with distinct seasonality in Australia, 1941-2016

2021: Azorin-Molina, C., T. R. McVicar, J. A. Guijarro, B. Trewin, A. J. Frost, G. Zhang, L. Minola, S.-W. Son, K. Deng, and D. Chen

Journal of Climate, 34, 3103-3127.


Statistical predictability of wintertime PM2.5 concentrations over East Asia using simple linear regression

2021:Jeong, J.I., Park, R.J., Yeh, S.-W., and Roh, J.-W.

Science of the Total Environment, 776, 146059.


Has Global Warming Contributed to the Largest Number of Typhoons Affecting South Korea in September 2019?

2021: S.-K. Min, M.-G. Seong, D.-H. Cha, M. Lee, F. C. Lott, A. Ciavarella, P. A. Stott, M.-K. Kim, K.-O. Boo, and Y.-H. Byun, Bull. Amer.

Meteor. Soc., 102(1), S51-S57. DOI:10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0156.1  


Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas and Aerosol Contributions to Extreme Temperature Changes during 1951–2015

2021: M.-G. Seong, S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, X. Zhang, and Y. Sun

Journal of Climate, 34, 857-870. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-1023.1 


Delayed impact of Indian Ocean warming on East Asian climate in boreal summer

2021 : Kim, S.-Y. and J.-S. Kug

Journal of Climate, 34, 3255-3270. DOI: 


Classification of wintertime atmospheric teleconnection patterns in the Northern Hemisphere

2021 : Kim, M., C. Yoo, M.-K. Sung, and S. Lee.

Journal of Climate, 34(5), 1847-1861.


A distinct sub-seasonal modulation in the Atlantic-originated atmospheric teleconnection influence on East Asian monthly climates

2021 : Ham, Y. G., Lee, S. G., and Sung, M. K.

Environmental Research Letters, 16(1), 014033.


Rate-dependent hysteresis of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation system and its asymmetric loop

2021 : S-I An, H-J Kim, and S-K Kim

Geophysical Research Letters, 48(1), e2020GL090132.


Timescale-dependent AMOC-AMO relationship in an earth system model of intermediate complexity

2021 : H-J Kim, S-I An, and D Kim

International Journal of Climatology, 41, 3298-3306.


A low order dynamical model for runoff predictability

2021 : R Olson, A Timmermann, J-Y Lee, and S-I An

Climate Dynamics, 56, 399–422.


Mid‐latitude leading double‐dip La Niña

2021: Park, J‐H, An, S‐I, Kug, J‐S, Yang, Y‐M, Li, T, Jo, H‐S

International Journal of Climatology,41, 1353-1370.


Mean sea surface temperature changes influence ENSO-related precipitation changes in the mid-latitudes

2021 : Y-M Yang, J-H Park, S-I An. et al.,

Nature Communications, 12, 1495.


Seesawing of winter extremes between East Asia and North America

2021 : Sung, M.-K., S.-W. Son, C. Yoo, J. Hwang, and S.-I. An,

Journal of Climate, ,1-42.




The Lagged Effect of Anthropogenic Aerosol on East Asian Precipitation during the Summer Monsoon Season

2020: Lee S-J, Jeong Y-C, Yeh S-W

Atmosphere, 11(12):1356.  


Impacts of MJO on the intraseasonal temperature variation in East Asia

2020: Kim, S., J.-S. Kug, K.-H. Seo

Journal of Climate, 33, 8903-8916.


Seasonal variations in the surface energy and CO2 flux over a high-rise, high-population, residential urban area in the East Asian monsoon region

2020: JW Hong;SD Lee;K Lee;J Hong

International Journal of Climatology,40(10), 4384-4407.


Understanding Intermodel Diversity When Simulating the Time of Emergence in CMIP5 Climate Models

2020: Hyun, Seung-Hwon; Yeh, Sang-Wook; Song, Se-Yong; Park, Hyo-Seok; Kirtman, Ben P.

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087923.


The Impact of the 20-50-Day Atmospheric Intraseasonal Oscillation on the Gross Primary Productivity between the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers

2020: Li, Jianying; Kim, Jin-Soo; Kug, Jong-Seong

Journal of Climate, 33(8), 2967–2984.


Two Aspects of Decadal ENSO Variability Modulating the Long-Term Global Carbon Cycle

2020: Park, So-Won; Kim, Jin-Soo; Kug, Jong-Seong; Stuecker, Malte F.; Kim, In-Won; Williams, Mathew

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL086390.


Implementation of a roughness sublayer parameterization in theWeather Research and Forecasting model (WRF version 3.7.1) and its evaluation for regional climate simulations

2020: Lee, Junhong; Hong, Jinkyu; Noh, Yign; Jimenez, Pedro A.

Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 521–536.


Extensive fires in southeastern Siberian permafrost linked to preceding Arctic Oscillation

2020: Kim, Jin-Soo; Kug, Jong-Seong; Jeong, Su-Jong; Park, Hotaek; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela

Science Advances, 6(2), EAAX3308. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax3308


Change in strong Eastern Pacific El Niño events dynamics in the warming climate

2020: A Carreric;D Boris; C Wenju; A Capotondi; K Takahashi;SW Yeh; G Wang; V Guemas

Climate Dynamics, 54, 901–918.


Characteristics of internal variability on summer rainfall in Northeast Asia in a changing climate

2020: SH Hyun, SW Yeh

Climate Dynamics, 54, 1179–1195.


Changes in the role of Pacific Decadal Oscillation on sea ice extent variability across the mid-1990s

2020 : H Kim, S-W Yeh, S-I An, and S-Y Song

Scientific Reports, 10, 17564.


Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models

2020 : JR Brown, CM Brierley, S-I An

Climate of the Past, 16, 1777-1805,


The internal origin of the west-east asymmetry of Antarctic climate change

2020 : S-Y Jun, J-H Kim, J Choi, S-J Kim, B-M Kim, and S-I An

Science Advances, 6(24), eaaz1490. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz1490


The Role of Transient Eddies in North Pacific Blocking Formation

2020: J Whang; P Martineau; SW Son; T Miyasaka; H Nakamura

Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77(7), 2453-2470.


Breakdown of the Linear Relationship between the Southern Hemisphere Hadley Cell Edge and Jet Latitude Changes in the Last Glacial Maximum

2020: Kim, S., and S.-W. son

Journal of Climate, 33(13), 5713-5725.


The rapid intensification of East Asian cyclones around the Korean Peninsula and their surface impacts

2020: Kang, J. M., J. Lee, S.-W. Son, J. Kim, and D. Chen

Geophysical Research Letters, 125, e2019JD031632.


Extratropical cyclones over East Asia: Climatology, seasonal cycle and long-term trend

2020: Lee, J., S.-W. Son, H.-O. Cho, J. Kim, D.-H. Cha, J. Gyakum, and D. Chen

Climate Dynamics, 54, 1131-11144.


Classification of Localized Heavy Rainfall Events in South Korea

2020: Jo. E., C. Park, S.-W. Son, J.-W. Roh, G. Lee and Y. H. Lee

Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 56(1), 77-88.


Fokker–Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation

2020: Soon-Il An, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann

Scientific Reports, 10, 16282,


Quantifying the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed spring snow-cover decline using the CMIP6 multimodel ensemble

2020: S. Paik and S.-K. Min

Journal of Climate, 33, 9261-9269.


Evaluation of the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble for climate extreme indices

2020: Y.-H. Kim, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, J. Sillmann, and M. Sandstad

Weather and Climate Extremes, 29, 100269,


Determining the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed intensification of extreme precipitation

2020: S. Paik, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, M. G. Donat, A. D. King, and Q. Sun

Geophysical Research Letters, 46, e2019GL086875. DOI: 10.1029/2019GL086875


Quantifying human impact on the 2018 summer longest heat wave in South Korea

2020: S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, S.-M. Lee, S. Sparrow, S. Li, F. C. Lott, and P. A. Stott

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101, S103-S108. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0151.1. 


A global-scale multidecadal variability driven by Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

2020: Young-Min Yang, Soon-Il An, Bin Wang, Jae Heung Park

National Science Review, 7(7),1190–1197,


Diversity of North Pacific Meridional Mode and its distinct impacts on El Niño‐Southern Oscillation

2020: J Zhao, J-S Kug, J-H Park, and S-I An

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088993. 


Arctic Sea Ice Loss as a Potential Trigger for Central Pacific El Niño Events

2020: Kim, Hyerim; Yeh, Sang-Wook; An, Soon-Il; Park, Jae-Heung; Kim, Baek-Min; Baek, Eun-Hyuk

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087028.


Brief Communication: The reliability of gas extraction techniques for analysing CH4 and N2O compositions in gas trapped in permafrost ice wedges

2020: Ji-Woong Yang, Jinho Ahn, Go Iwahana, Sangyoung Han, Kyungmin Kim, and Alexander Fedorov

The Cryosphere, 14(4), 1311–1324. 


Evaluation of land-atmosphere processes of the Polar WRF in the summertime Arctic tundra

2020: Kim, J., Lee, J., Hong, J. W., Hong, J., Koo, J. H., Kim, J. H., ... & Lee, B. Y.

Atmospheric Research, 240, 104946,


Characteristics of the North Pacific Oscillation in CMIP5 Models in Relation to Atmospheric Mean States

2020:  M-K Sung, C Yoo, S-W Yeh, Y Kosaka, and S-I An

Journal of Climate, 33, 3809-3825.


Untangling El Niño‐La Niña Asymmetries Using a Nonlinear Coupled Dynamic Index

2020: Soong-Ki Kim, Soon-Il An

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL085881.




Role of local air‐sea interaction in fire activity over Equatorial Asia

2019: Kim, J.‐S., Jeong, S.‐J., Kug, J.‐S., & Williams, M.

Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 14,789–14,797.


The Response of Hadley Cell and Jet Stream to Earth's Rotation Rate

2019: Choi, C., S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Son

Journal of the Korean earth science society, 40(3), 203-211. DOI:


Mid-Holocene Northern Hemisphere warming driven by Arctic amplification

2019: Park, H., S.-J. Kim, A. L. Stewart, S.-W. Son, and K.-H. Seo, 

Science Advances, 5(12). eaax8203. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax8203


Tropical influence on the North Pacific Oscillation drives winter extremes in North America

2019: Sung M.-K., H. Jang, B.-M. Kim S.-W. Yeh, Y.-S. Choi and C. Yoo

Nature Climate Change 9(5) 413


Regulation of atmospheric circulation controlling the tropical Pacific precipitation change in response to CO2 increases

2019: Son B.-J., Sang-Wook Yeh, A. Kim, and K. M. Lau

Nature Communication, 10(1), 1108


Understanding the inter-model diversity of East Asian Marginal SST in near future in CMIP5 climate model simulation (2020-2049)

2019: D. Yi and Sang-Wook Yeh

JGR-ocean (Accepted)


Arctic amplification accelerated by anthropogenic sulphate aerosol forcing in East Asia

2019: M.-J. Kim, Sang-Wook Yeh, R. Park and co-author

J. Climate (Accepted)


Change in Relationship between the East Asian Winter Monsoon and the East Asian Jet Stream during the 1998-99 Regime Shift

2019: Song S.-Y, Sang-Wook Yeh, J.-H. Park

J. Climate, 32, 6163-6175.


Biogeophysical feedback of phytoplankton on Arctic climate: Part II Arctic warming amplified by interactive chlorophyll under greenhouse warming

2019: Lim, H.-G., Kug, J.-S.

Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-019-04693-5


Role of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool in climate variability over the western North Pacific

2019: Park, J.-H., Kug, J.-S., and T. Li

Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-019-04652-0.


Pantropical climate interactions

2019: Cai, W.-J., Wu, L. Lengaigne, M, Li, T., McGregor, S., Kug, J.-S. et al.

Science, 363, DOI: 10.1126/science.aav4236


Regional Arctic amplification accelerated by anthropogenic sulphate aerosol forcing in China

2019: Minjoong J. Kim, Sang-Wook Yeh, Rokjin J. Park, Seok-Woo Son, Byung-Kwon Moon, Byung-Gon Kim, Jae-Jin Kim, Sang-Woo Kim, and Tim Garrett

J. of Climate, in press.


A missing component of Arctic amplification: Black carbon from gas flaring

2019: Mee-Hyun Cho, Rokjin J. Park, Jinho Yoon, Yonghan Choi, Jaein I. Jeong, Lev Labzovskii, Joshua S. Fu, Kan Huang, Su-Jong Jeong, and Baek-Min Kim

Environmental Research Letters, in press


Anthropogenic contribution to the 2017 earliest summer onset in South Korea

2019: S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, I.-H. Park, D. Lee, S. Sparrow, D. Wallom, and D. Stone

Bull.  Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, S73-S77, DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0096.1


A novel method to test non-exclusive hypotheses applied to Arctic ice projections from dependent models

2019: R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, W. Chang, J. P. Evans, and J.-Y. Lee 

Nature Communications. 10(1), 3016. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10561-x


Western North Pacific anticyclone change associated with the El Niño‒Indian Ocean Dipole coupling, I

2019: J.-W. Kim and S.-I. An

J of climatology, 39: 2505-2521. DOI: 10.1002/joc.5967


Accounting for skill in trend, variability, and autocorrelation facilitates better multi-model projections: Application to the AMOC and temperature time series

2019: R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, and J. P. Evans

PLoS ONE 14(4): e0214535.


Impact of North Atlantic Freshwater Forcing on Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulation under Glacial and Interglacial Conditions

2019: H.-J. Kim and S.-I. An

J. Climate, 32, 4641-4659. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0065.1


Surface meteorological conditions and boundary-layer height variations during an air pollution episode in Nanjing, China

2019: Yin, J., C. Y. Gao, J. Hong, Z. Gao, Y. Li, X. Li, S. Fan, and B. Zhu

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 124, 3350-3364, doi:


Ceilometer monitoring of boundary layer height in Seoul and its application to evaluate the dilution effect on air pollution, Boundary-Layer Meteorology

2019: J. H. Lee, J.-W. Hong, K. M. Lee, J. Hong, E. Velasco, Y. Lim, J. Lee. K. Nam, and J. Park

Boundary-Layer Meteorology. doi:10.1007/s10546-019-00452-5


Temporal dynamics of urban heat island correlated with the socio-economic development over the past half-century in Seoul, Korea

2019: J.-W. Hong, J. Hong, E. Kwon, and D. Yoon

Environmental Pollution, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.102


Greenhouse gas formation in ice wedges at Cyuie, central Yakutia

2019: Kyungmin Kim, Ji-Woong Yang, Hyunsuk Yoon, Eunji Byun, Alexander Fedorov, Youngjun Ryu, and Jinho Ahn

Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 30:48-57. doi:10.1002/ppp.1994




Stilt: Easy emulation of time series AR(1) computer model output in multidimensional parameter space

2018: R. Olson, K. L. Ruckert, W. Chang, K. Keller, M. Haran, and S.-I. An

The R Journal, 10/2, 209-225


Surface temperature in twentieth century at the Styx Glacier, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, from borehole thermometry

2018: Ji-Woong Yang, Yeongcheol Han, Anais Orsi, and Jinho Ahn

Geophysical Research Letters. 45, 18. doi:10.1029/2018GL078770


What Controls ENSO Teleconnection to East Asia? Role of Western North Pacific Precipitation in ENSO Teleconnection to East Asia

2018: Kim, S.-Y., J.-S. Kug

Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 123,18, doi: 10.1029/2018jd028935. 


Future Changes in Extreme El Nino Events Modulated by North Tropical Atlantic Variability,

2018: Ham, Y.-G., J.-S. Kug , Yang, W.-H., Cai, W.-J.Scientific Reports, 8,14957, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33191-7

Geophysical Research Letters, 45,13, DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078085.


Predicting El Nino Beyond 1-year Lead: Effect of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool

2018: Park, J.-H., J.-S. Kug, Tim-L., Behera, S.- K.

Scientific Reports, 8,14957, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33191-7


Anthropogenic contribution to 2017 earliest summer onset in Korea

2018: Min, S.-K., Y.-H. Kim, I.-H. Park, D. Lee, S. Sparrow, D. Wallom, and D. Stone

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0096.1


Classification of heat wave events in Seoul using self-organizing map

2018: Back, S.-Y., S.-W. Kim, M.-I. Jung, J.-W. Roh, and S.-W. Son

Journal of Climate Change Research, 9, 209-221. (in Korean)


The impact of Arctic sea ice loss on mid-Holocene climate

2018: Park, H.-S., S.-J. Kim, K.-H. Seo, A. L. Stewart, S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Son

Nature Communications, 9:4571, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07068-2

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