Rate-dependent hysteresis of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation system and its asymmetric loop

2020 : S-I An, H-J Kim, and S-K Kim

Geophysical Research Letters, accepted.


Timescale-dependent AMOC-AMO relationship in an earth system model of intermediate complexity

2020 : H-J Kim, S-I An, and D Kim

International Journal of Climatology,


A low order dynamical model for runoff predictability

2020 : R Olson, A Timmermann, J-Y Lee, and S-I An

Climate Dynamics, accepted.


Changes in the role of Pacific Decadal Oscillation on sea ice extent variability across the mid-1990s

2020 : H Kim, S-W Yeh, S-I An, and S-Y Song

Scientific Reports,


Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models

2020 : JR Brown, CM Brierley, S-I An

Climate of the Past, 16, 1777-1805,


The internal origin of the west-east asymmetry of Antarctic climate change

2020 : S-Y Jun, J-H Kim, J Choi, S-J Kim, B-M Kim, and S-I An

Science Advances, 6, eaaz1490.


The Role of Transient Eddies in North Pacific Blocking Formation

2020: Hwang, J., P. Martineau, S.-W. Son, T. Miyasaka, and H. Nakamura,

J. Atmos. Sci., 77(7), 2453-2470.


Breakdown of the Linear Relationship between the Southern Hemisphere Hadley Cell Edge and Jet Latitude Changes in the Last Glacial Maximum

2020: Kim, S., and S.-W. son

Journal of Climate, 33(13), 5713-5725.


The rapid intensification of East Asian cyclones around the Korean Peninsula and their surface impacts

2020: Kang, J. M., J. Lee, S.-W. Son, J. Kim, and D. Chen

Geophysical Research Letters, 125, e2019JD031632.


Extratropical cyclones over East Asia: Climatology, seasonal cycle and long-term trend

2020: Lee, J., S.-W. Son, H.-O. Cho, J. Kim, D.-H. Cha, J. Gyakum, and D. Chen

Climate Dynamics, 54, 1131-11144.


Classification of Localized Heavy Rainfall Events in South Korea

2020: Jo. E., C. Park, S.-W. Son, J.-W. Roh, G. Lee and Y. H. Lee

Asia-Pac. J. Atmos. Sci., 56(1), 77-88. DOI:


Fokker–Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation

2020: Soon-Il An, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann

Scientific Reports, 10, 16282,


Quantifying the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed spring snow-cover decline using the CMIP6 multimodel ensemble

2020: S. Paik and S.-K. Min

Journal of Climate, 33, 9261-9269. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0002.1


Evaluation of the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble for climate extreme indices

2020: Y.-H. Kim, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, J. Sillmann, and M. Sandstad

Weather. Clim. Extremes, 29, 100269. DOI: 10.1016/j.wace.2020.100269 


Determining the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed intensification of extreme precipitation

2020: S. Paik, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, M. G. Donat, A. D. King, and Q. Sun

Geophysical Research Letters, 46, e2019GL086875. DOI: 10.1029/2019GL086875


Quantifying human impact on the 2018 summer longest heat wave in South Korea

2020: S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, S.-M. Lee, S. Sparrow, S. Li, F. C. Lott, and P. A. Stott

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, S103-108. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0151.1 


A global-scale multidecadal variability driven by Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

2020: Young-Min Yang, Soon-Il An, Bin Wang, Jae Heung Park

National Science Review, Volume 7, Issue 7, July 2020, Pages 1190–1197,


Diversity of North Pacific Meridional Mode and its distinct impacts on El Niño‐Southern Oscillation

2020: J Zhao, J-S Kug, J-H Park, and S-I An

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088993. 


Mid‐latitude leading double‐dip La Niña

2020: Park, J‐H, An, S‐I, Kug, J‐S, Yang, Y‐M, Li, T, Jo, H‐S

Int J Climatol. 2020; 1– 18.


Arctic Sea Ice Loss as a Potential Trigger for Central Pacific El Niño Events 

2020: H Kim, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, J.-H. Park, B.-M. Kim and E.-H. Baek 

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087028. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL087028


Brief Communication: The reliability of gas extraction techniques for analysing CH4 and N2O compositions in gas trapped in permafrost ice wedges

2020: Ji-Woong Yang, Jinho Ahn, Go Iwahana, Sangyoung Han, Kyungmin Kim, and Alexander Fedorov

The Cryosphere, 14, 1311–1324, 2020. 


Evaluation of land-atmosphere processes of the Polar WRF in the summertime Arctic tundra

2020: Kim, J., Lee, J., Hong, J. W., Hong, J., Koo, J. H., Kim, J. H., ... & Lee, B. Y.

Atmospheric Research, 104946.


Characteristics of the North Pacific Oscillation in CMIP5 Models in Relation to Atmospheric Mean States

2020:  M-K Sung, C Yoo, S-W Yeh, Y Kosaka, and S-I An

Journal of Climate, 33, 3809-3825  DOI:


Untangling El Niño‐La Niña Asymmetries Using a Nonlinear Coupled Dynamic Index

2020: Soong-Ki Kim, Soon-Il An

Geophysical Research Letters. DOI:



The Response of Hadley Cell and Jet Stream to Earth's Rotation Rat

2019: Choi, C., S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Son

Journal of the Korean earth science society, 40(3), 203-211. DOI:


Mid-Holocene Northern Hemisphere warming driven by Arctic amplification

2019: Park, H., S.-J. Kim, A. L. Stewart, S.-W. Son, and K.-H. Seo, 

Science Advances, 5(12). eaax8203. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax8203


Tropical influence on the North Pacific Oscillation drives winter extremes in North America

2019: Sung M.-K., H. Jang, B.-M. Kim S.-W. Yeh, Y.-S. Choi and C. Yoo

Nature Climate Change 9(5) 413


Regulation of atmospheric circulation controlling the tropical Pacific precipitation change in response to CO2 increases

2019: Son B.-J., Sang-Wook Yeh, A. Kim, and K. M. Lau

Nature Communication, 10(1), 1108


Understanding the inter-model diversity of East Asian Marginal SST in near future in CMIP5 climate model simulation (2020-2049)

2019: D. Yi and Sang-Wook Yeh

JGR-ocean (Accepted)


Arctic amplification accelerated by anthropogenic sulphate aerosol forcing in East Asia

2019: M.-J. Kim, Sang-Wook Yeh, R. Park and co-author

J. Climate (Accepted)


Change in Relationship between the East Asian Winter Monsoon and the East Asian Jet Stream during the 1998-99 Regime Shift

2019: Song S.-Y, Sang-Wook Yeh, J.-H. Park

J. Climate, 32, 6163-6175.


Extensive fires in southeastern Siberian permafrost linked to preceding Arctic Oscillation

2019: Kim, J.-S., J.-S. Kug, S.-j. Jeong, H. Park, and G. Schaepman-Strub

Science Advances (Accepted) 


Biogeophysical feedback of phytoplankton on Arctic climate: Part II Arctic warming amplified by interactive chlorophyll under greenhouse warming

2019: Lim, H.-G., Kug, J.-S.

Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-019-04693-5


Role of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool in climate variability over the western North Pacific

2019: Park, J.-H., Kug, J.-S., and T. Li

Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-019-04652-0.


Pantropical climate interactions

2019: Cai, W.-J., Wu, L. Lengaigne, M, Li, T., McGregor, S., Kug, J.-S. et al.

Science, 363, DOI: 10.1126/science.aav4236


Regional Arctic amplification accelerated by anthropogenic sulphate aerosol forcing in China

2019: Minjoong J. Kim, Sang-Wook Yeh, Rokjin J. Park, Seok-Woo Son, Byung-Kwon Moon, Byung-Gon Kim, Jae-Jin Kim, Sang-Woo Kim, and Tim Garrett

J. of Climate, in press.


A missing component of Arctic amplification: Black carbon from gas flaring

2019: Mee-Hyun Cho, Rokjin J. Park, Jinho Yoon, Yonghan Choi, Jaein I. Jeong, Lev Labzovskii, Joshua S. Fu, Kan Huang, Su-Jong Jeong, and Baek-Min Kim

Environmental Research Letters, in press


Anthropogenic contribution to the 2017 earliest summer onset in South Korea

2019: S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, I.-H. Park, D. Lee, S. Sparrow, D. Wallom, and D. Stone

Bull.  Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, S73-S77, DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0096.1


A novel method to test non-exclusive hypotheses applied to Arctic ice projections from dependent models

2019: R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, W. Chang, J. P. Evans, and J.-Y. Lee 

Nature Communications. 10(1), 3016. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10561-x


Western North Pacific anticyclone change associated with the El Niño‒Indian Ocean Dipole coupling, I

2019: J.-W. Kim and S.-I. An

J of climatology, 39: 2505-2521. DOI: 10.1002/joc.5967


Accounting for skill in trend, variability, and autocorrelation facilitates better multi-model projections: Application to the AMOC and temperature time series

2019: R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, and J. P. Evans

PLoS ONE 14(4): e0214535.


Impact of North Atlantic Freshwater Forcing on Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulation under Glacial and Interglacial Conditions

2019: H.-J. Kim and S.-I. An

J. Climate, 32, 4641-4659. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0065.1


Surface meteorological conditions and boundary-layer height variations during an air pollution episode in Nanjing, China

2019: Yin, J., C. Y. Gao, J. Hong, Z. Gao, Y. Li, X. Li, S. Fan, and B. Zhu

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 124, 3350-3364, doi:


Ceilometer monitoring of boundary layer height in Seoul and its application to evaluate the dilution effect on air pollution, Boundary-Layer Meteorology

2019: J. H. Lee, J.-W. Hong, K. M. Lee, J. Hong, E. Velasco, Y. Lim, J. Lee. K. Nam, and J. Park

Boundary-Layer Meteorology. doi:10.1007/s10546-019-00452-5


Temporal dynamics of urban heat island correlated with the socio-economic development over the past half-century in Seoul, Korea

2019: J.-W. Hong, J. Hong, E. Kwon, and D. Yoon

Environmental Pollution, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.102


Greenhouse gas formation in ice wedges at Cyuie, central Yakutia

2019: Kyungmin Kim, Ji-Woong Yang, Hyunsuk Yoon, Eunji Byun, Alexander Fedorov, Youngjun Ryu, and Jinho Ahn

Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 30:48-57. doi:10.1002/ppp.1994



Stilt: Easy emulation of time series AR(1) computer model output in multidimensional parameter space

2018: R. Olson, K. L. Ruckert, W. Chang, K. Keller, M. Haran, and S.-I. An

The R Journal, 10/2, 209-225


Surface temperature in twentieth century at the Styx Glacier, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, from borehole thermometry

2018: Ji-Woong Yang, Yeongcheol Han, Anais Orsi, and Jinho Ahn

Geophysical Research Letters. 45, 18. doi:10.1029/2018GL078770


What Controls ENSO Teleconnection to East Asia? Role of Western North Pacific Precipitation in ENSO Teleconnection to East Asia

2018: Kim, S.-Y., J.-S. Kug

Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 123,18, doi: 10.1029/2018jd028935. 


Future Changes in Extreme El Nino Events Modulated by North Tropical Atlantic Variability,

2018: Ham, Y.-G., J.-S. Kug , Yang, W.-H., Cai, W.-J.Scientific Reports, 8,14957, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33191-7

Geophysical Research Letters, 45,13, DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078085.


Predicting El Nino Beyond 1-year Lead: Effect of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool

2018: Park, J.-H., J.-S. Kug, Tim-L., Behera, S.- K.

Scientific Reports, 8,14957, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33191-7


Anthropogenic contribution to 2017 earliest summer onset in Korea

2018: Min, S.-K., Y.-H. Kim, I.-H. Park, D. Lee, S. Sparrow, D. Wallom, and D. Stone

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0096.1


Classification of heat wave events in Seoul using self-organizing map

2018: Back, S.-Y., S.-W. Kim, M.-I. Jung, J.-W. Roh, and S.-W. Son

Journal of Climate Change Research, 9, 209-221. (in Korean)


The impact of Arctic sea ice loss on mid-Holocene climate

2018: Park, H.-S., S.-J. Kim, K.-H. Seo, A. L. Stewart, S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Son

Nature Communications, 9:4571, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07068-2

Irreversible Climate Change Research Center

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