| ALL PAPERS | 2018 | 2019 | 2020



Rate-dependent hysteresis of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation system and its asymmetric loop

2020 : S-I An, H-J Kim, and S-K Kim

Geophysical Research Letters, accepted.


Timescale-dependent AMOC-AMO relationship in an earth system model of intermediate complexity

2020 : H-J Kim, S-I An, and D Kim

International Journal of Climatology,


A low order dynamical model for runoff predictability

2020 : R Olson, A Timmermann, J-Y Lee, and S-I An

Climate Dynamics, accepted.


Changes in the role of Pacific Decadal Oscillation on sea ice extent variability across the mid-1990s

2020 : H Kim, S-W Yeh, S-I An, and S-Y Song

Scientific Reports,


Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models

2020 : JR Brown, CM Brierley, S-I An

Climate of the Past, 16, 1777-1805,


The internal origin of the west-east asymmetry of Antarctic climate change

2020 : S-Y Jun, J-H Kim, J Choi, S-J Kim, B-M Kim, and S-I An

Science Advances, 6, eaaz1490.


The Role of Transient Eddies in North Pacific Blocking Formation

2020: Hwang, J., P. Martineau, S.-W. Son, T. Miyasaka, and H. Nakamura,

J. Atmos. Sci., 77(7), 2453-2470.


Breakdown of the Linear Relationship between the Southern Hemisphere Hadley Cell Edge and Jet Latitude Changes in the Last Glacial Maximum

2020: Kim, S., and S.-W. son

Journal of Climate, 33(13), 5713-5725.


The rapid intensification of East Asian cyclones around the Korean Peninsula and their surface impacts

2020: Kang, J. M., J. Lee, S.-W. Son, J. Kim, and D. Chen

Geophysical Research Letters, 125, e2019JD031632.


Extratropical cyclones over East Asia: Climatology, seasonal cycle and long-term trend

2020: Lee, J., S.-W. Son, H.-O. Cho, J. Kim, D.-H. Cha, J. Gyakum, and D. Chen

Climate Dynamics, 54, 1131-11144.


Classification of Localized Heavy Rainfall Events in South Korea

2020: Jo. E., C. Park, S.-W. Son, J.-W. Roh, G. Lee and Y. H. Lee

Asia-Pac. J. Atmos. Sci., 56(1), 77-88. DOI:


Fokker–Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation

2020: Soon-Il An, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann

Scientific Reports, 10, 16282,


Quantifying the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed spring snow-cover decline using the CMIP6 multimodel ensemble

2020: S. Paik and S.-K. Min

Journal of Climate, 33, 9261-9269. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0002.1


Evaluation of the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble for climate extreme indices

2020: Y.-H. Kim, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, J. Sillmann, and M. Sandstad

Weather. Clim. Extremes, 29, 100269. DOI: 10.1016/j.wace.2020.100269 


Determining the anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to the observed intensification of extreme precipitation

2020: S. Paik, S.-K. Min, X. Zhang, M. G. Donat, A. D. King, and Q. Sun

Geophysical Research Letters, 46, e2019GL086875. DOI: 10.1029/2019GL086875


Quantifying human impact on the 2018 summer longest heat wave in South Korea

2020: S.-K. Min, Y.-H. Kim, S.-M. Lee, S. Sparrow, S. Li, F. C. Lott, and P. A. Stott

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, S103-108. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0151.1 


A global-scale multidecadal variability driven by Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

2020: Young-Min Yang, Soon-Il An, Bin Wang, Jae Heung Park

National Science Review, Volume 7, Issue 7, July 2020, Pages 1190–1197,


Diversity of North Pacific Meridional Mode and its distinct impacts on El Niño‐Southern Oscillation

2020: J Zhao, J-S Kug, J-H Park, and S-I An

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088993. 


Mid‐latitude leading double‐dip La Niña

2020: Park, J‐H, An, S‐I, Kug, J‐S, Yang, Y‐M, Li, T, Jo, H‐S

Int J Climatol. 2020; 1– 18.


Arctic Sea Ice Loss as a Potential Trigger for Central Pacific El Niño Events 

2020: H Kim, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, J.-H. Park, B.-M. Kim and E.-H. Baek 

Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087028. DOI: 10.1029/2020GL087028


Brief Communication: The reliability of gas extraction techniques for analysing CH4 and N2O compositions in gas trapped in permafrost ice wedges

2020: Ji-Woong Yang, Jinho Ahn, Go Iwahana, Sangyoung Han, Kyungmin Kim, and Alexander Fedorov

The Cryosphere, 14, 1311–1324, 2020. 


Evaluation of land-atmosphere processes of the Polar WRF in the summertime Arctic tundra

2020: Kim, J., Lee, J., Hong, J. W., Hong, J., Koo, J. H., Kim, J. H., ... & Lee, B. Y.

Atmospheric Research, 104946.


Characteristics of the North Pacific Oscillation in CMIP5 Models in Relation to Atmospheric Mean States

2020:  M-K Sung, C Yoo, S-W Yeh, Y Kosaka, and S-I An

Journal of Climate, 33, 3809-3825  DOI:


Untangling El Niño‐La Niña Asymmetries Using a Nonlinear Coupled Dynamic Index

2020: Soong-Ki Kim, Soon-Il An

Geophysical Research Letters. DOI:

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